Types of approaches to this treatment
The orthodontic treatment consists of applying a controlled pressure on teeth, maxilla, and mandible, in a relatively long period of time, until a desirable result is obtained as far as aesthetics and functionality go. This is generally done by means of specific dental appliances: functional appliances and palatal expenders. Additional procedures may include dental extractions, to allow teeth be repositioned on the arch.
In some cases, like severe prognatism of maxilla, mandible or both, the correlation of orthodontic treatment (with fixed appliance) with surgical treatment (orthodontic surgery and various osteotomies, intended to shorten, lengthen or change the alignment of the jaws) is needed to obtain optimal results.
It is recommended that the nighttray to be worn.
Malocclusion can be treated and improved at any age, but the best results are, of course, with young patients. The incongruence of the jaws can be better adjusted in children due to bone resistance and consistency. It’s good to know that jaws grow between the ages of 8 and 10, and the sooner you notice a problem, the sooner you can correct it. Any delay makes the initial anomaly more difficult to treat.
The time needed and the result are different in any treatment based on the age of the patient and the complexity of the problem.
Prophylaxis and patient education
When biting, the pressure should be equally distributed; otherwise, complications of the denture, muscles and temporomandibular joints may occur. These can affect mobility, cause premature damage of dental works, headaches, difficulty in chewing, speaking, etc. Therefore, malocclusion is a problem with wider implications than the aesthetic ones.
Find out more about the available treatment options: