Types of dental implants

Single tooth implants vs. multiple teeth implants for enhanced denture support

A single tooth implant can replace a lost tooth by means of surgical implant placement. The implant is especially designed to support a single porcelain dental crown.

Multiple teeth implants are meant to support dental bridges and dentures (more than one single tooth).

Implants placed during one or two surgical interventions

  1. Standard procedure consists of two interventions:
    • the first one coincides with placing the implant in the jawbone and suturing the gum over the implant;
    • the second intervention is scheduled for after bone recovery and consists of performing an incision in the gum tissue in order to reach the implant. Your dentist will place the dental crown, bridge or denture, only after your gums have healed.
  2. The newer alternative to the classic two step procedure is a technique that allows completion of the implant within one single session. The main difference between the two consists in the gums suturing method: during a one session implant procedure the gums are sutured living the implant exposed. An example of one session implant procedures are titanium mini dental implants (MDIs)—a very good option for elder patients with dentures. While offering excellent denture support, MDIs are simpler, smaller, cheaper, and easier to place compared to regular implants.

Subperiosteal implants (on top of the jawbone, underneath the gum tissue) vs. endosseous implants (into the jawbone).

  1. endosseous implants are perhaps the most common type of dental implants, used when the patients has a healthy jawbone suitable for this kind of procedure. The material used for the implant is titanium. A titanium piece is inserted into the bone; after a healing period, an abutment is attached to the implant in order to support one or more artificial teeth (dental crown, bridge, or denture). There are several types of endosseous dental implants:
    • root form implants (the most common type of implant, highly recommended to patients with an adequate bone structure);
    • plate form implants (these are the main alternative to root form implants, recommended for patients with a narrow jawbone, for whom bone grafting is not an option);
    • Ramus frame implants (for patients with severe bone loss).
  2. subperiosteal implants consist of placing a metal frame underneath the gum tissue, riding on the bony ridge (i.e. the implant doesn’t actually go inside the bone). There are several support pieces anchored on the metal frame. This technology is now used exclusively when osseointegration is impossible (with severely resorbed jawbone, when bone quality doesn’t allow placing a root form implant or similar). Transosseous implants can be another alternative for patients with poor bone quality for whom endosseous implants are not an option. However, this type of implant is not currently listed in our services.

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