Here’s a list with some advice for post-surgical conditions.
1) HOLD PRESSURE ON THE WOUND
Constant pressure must be held on the wound: bite the tampon to control further bleeding. For about 30 minutes, the tampon ought to be pressed against the place of the extraction without moving it. Cold compresses and ice packs can be useful.
2) EAT SOFT FOOD
A couple of days after the extraction the patient should eat soft food only. This food must be neither too hot, nor too cold. This way, you lower the chance to hurt the wound. After a couple of days, you can return to your usual diet.
3) USE PAINKILLERS
It is a common reaction for the patients to experience a certain discomfort related to either anesthesia or the place of the extraction itself. In order to decrease post-surgery discomfort, your dentist might advice using an over the counter drug. If necessary, your dentist can give you a stronger painkiller to reduce the effects.
4) VISIT YOUR DENTIST
After a week you must visit your dentist once more for a checkup. He or she will remove the stitches and check if the healing process is normal. For any problems that might occur earlier than your appointment date, you have to visit your dentist a.s.a.p.
5) DO NOT DISTURB THE WOUND
Do not disturb the wound: do not chew, rinse or brush directly on the spot of the extraction for at least 24-48 hours.
6) DO NOT SPIT / USE A STRAW TO DRINK LIQUIDS
Sucking through a straw can dislodge the blood clot. You may bleed and increase the risks for alvelolitis of the jaw—a painful condition.
7) DO NOT SMOKE
It is highly important not to smoke for at least 24 hours following the extraction, as smoking increases the bleeding, therefore delaying the healing of the wound. Besides, smoking can cause alveolitis of the jaw.
Possible consequences of tooth extraction
Some bleeding is normal after a tooth extraction, as well as a slight inflammation and mild discomfort, but, if you notice unusual bleeding 4-6 hours after surgery you must contact your dentist immediately or, if this is impossible, go to an emergency room.
Sometimes, the patient experiences discomfort when opening his mouth. This happens because of muscular spasms or trismus (lock-jaw)—a condition that normally goes away after a couple of days.