One should avoid dental infection and pain at all times, not only during pregnancy. Unfortunately, despite all prophylactic measures, pregnant women sometimes get into this unpleasant situation.
Fight dental infection and pain during pregnancy
Dental pain is caused by several reasons. In order to efficiently fight pain, your dentist has to diagnose the cause.
We can have tooth aches for various reasons. In order to avoid effectively pain, we need to determine its cause. On the one hand, your dentist can find this out etiologically; on the other, the type and intensity of pain is a good place to start determining the cause. This can vary, at its turn, from common discomfort (as in sensitive teeth) to acute and violent pain which generally indicate infections or traumas.
When a pregnant woman experiences gum swellings and she feels them hypersensitive during brushing, it may be useful to try toothpaste with a special formula for sensitive teeth and gums. Also, you can change your regular tooth brush with a softer one, made out of natural fiber, in order to minimize pain and gum bleeding. However, it’s a good thing to ask for professional advice to make sure the problem is not persistent.
In other cases, pain is associated with pregnancy tumors, gingivitis or periodontitis left untreated. If this is the issue, great care should be taken to avoid the spread of the infection in the body.
If the tooth ache is due to advanced cavities, infections, gangrenes, dental fractures, etc., it can be considerably strong. It’s good to know that your dentist can choose a pregnancy-safe solution, to take the pain away either with general analgesics or using topical treatment.
- Local dental treatments consist of calming pads, endodontic drainage and the incision of the abscess.
- Analgesics and anesthetics may be used only after consulting you obstetrician and if absolutely necessary. Lidocaine and prilocaine may be used. It is crucial to understand that most of the commonly known medicines, normally sold without prescription, like aspirin or ibuprofen, are not recommended during pregnancy due to high risk of bleeding. Codeine is to be administered with great care, as it can cause respiratory depression; also, diazepam must be avoided. As you can see, during pregnancy it is very important to avoid taking medicines without consulting your physician, even if you find the substance harmless.
Dental infections and antibiotics during pregnancy
You shouldn’t ignore any infection during pregnancy. The mom-to-be is responsible for her baby too, and infections can spread through the body, with harmful or fatal effects on the baby. If by any chance you have a tooth infection, your dentist can prescribe an antibiotic, which is considered relatively safe—ampicillin, eritromicin, spiramicin, etc. However, there is a number of antibiotics which should be avoided, so don’t forget to inform your dentist that you are pregnant! The most common antibiotics unsafe during pregnancy are: tetracycline, gentamicin, kanamycin, norfloxacin et. al.