One of the major dental concerns that pregnant women cope with is related to the gums. Statistically, whichever the age, the geographical area, or, in most cases, the lifestyle, more than half of women tend to develop gum problems during the nine months of pregnancy.
From a medical, chemical, or physiological perspective it is uncertain if some of these conditions are correlated to pregnancy; however, there is a set of problems directly linked to it. Knowing them and, implicitly, preventing them is a matter of responsibility, that can free you from many medical problems in the long run. Here’s a list with the most important ones:
- Pregnancy gingivitis. Due to high percentage of estrogen and progesterone, the blood flow to your gums increases. This, corroborated with pieces of food between teeth and gums leads to bacteriological issues. This is what we call swollen gums.
- You need to take good care and maintain a good hygiene to prevent further developing of this condition. As long as it hasn’t been neglected for a long period of time, the condition disappears during scaling, thus avoiding a surgical intervention. Keep brushing and flossing your teeth even if you notice superficial bleeding.
- Infections. This is generally the case of a weak immune system and the symptoms imply swollen gums and/or acute tooth pain.
- Any sign of infection should be treated responsibly; consult with your physician as soon as possible. If left untreated, they can lead to other oral infections, which may have repercussions to the quality and the safety of your pregnancy.
- Periodontal diseases. In most of cases, they are bad effects of pregnancy gingivitis and entail complete or partial damage to the tissues which hold your teeth in place.
- You should see your dentist, to get a treatment adequate to your particular case, if you think you’ve developed such a disease. The risks are too serious (mainly premature labor and its consequences) to leave this problem unsolved.
- Pregnancy tumors. These nodules, also called pyogenic granuloma, derive from periodontal diseases and pregnancy gingivitis and are to be found especially on the swelling gums. Apart from aesthetic concerns, they can be the cause of problems with chewing food and/or articulating words.
- They can be removed by your dentist. You should consult with him or her to get detailed information on the subject and adequate treatment.