Deep cleaning is what you need if you suffer from periodontal disease. Scaling and root planning can help fighting with this infectious disease.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
You know exactly what plaque is. This yellow film is formed by the bacteria in your mouth. In contact with your saliva, plaque hardens in time, forming tarter. This irritated the gums, and attacks the surface of your teeth and roots. Tarter can cause infections and inflammations, bone and tooth loss, as it releases toxins and poisons. Some of these losses are irreversible.
Scaling and root planing help cleaning the infected areas, by removing tarter and bacteria from both teeth and roots.
Diagnosing Periodontal Disease
Your dentist can detect periodontal disease by x-rays as tarter build up under the gums is more visible in x-ray images. These could also help your dentist evaluate the current condition of the bone. However, periodontal disease can sometimes be detected during a routine clinical exam, as plaque and tarter are quite visible and the color and shape of your gums can tell if you do have a gum condition.
Your dentist might diagnose your condition by measuring the pockets formed by bacteria between the gums and teeth. If you have a pocket that measures more than 3mm, you probably suffer from periodontal disease.
Scaling and Root Planing Treatment
Your doctor could complete a deep cleaning treatment within a couple of visits. However, the exact number of visits depends on your condition and will be decided by your dentist.
A local anesthetic could help during the procedure. Deep cleaning is supposed to eliminate the infection by physically removing plaque and tarter (i.e. bacteria) attaching both teeth and roots. Plaque and tarter can be loosen and removed manually, with a cavitron (an ultra-sonic instrument), or by using both techniques. Sometimes, deep cleaning goes in conjunction with a drug treatment (antibacterial irrigants and local antibiotics).
Can You Get A Regular Cleaning Instead?
Regular cleaning is something else: it only removes the plaque or tarter above the gums, while scaling and root planning help cleaning below the gum to remove plaque or tarter build up where the infection is located. So, regular cleaning would not be enough if you’re dealing with periodontal disease.
Periodontal Follow-up Care
Periodontal disease cannot be cured, yet, it can be controlled. Your dentist will tell you what you need to do to help preserving your denture. Maintenance is essential and you must follow your doctor’s recommendations if you want an effective treatment. Never skip routine check ups and make sure your dental hygiene is perfect to have a good chance of preventing periodontal disease from reoccurring.