Sealants: Prophylaxis in Pediatric Dentistry
Dental sealants are a simple, fast and pain-free solution in preventive dentistry. An impermeable substance with fluor content, replicating the natural aspect of your denture is painted on the chewing surface of the back teeth where deep and narrow grooves, pits and fissures put dental hygiene at thereat. Sealants block these irregularities on the tooth surface creating a layer between dental enamel and bacterial plaque. Although they can be used by adults too, sealants are usually something we associate with pediatric dentistry.
It is highly essential that the patient perfectly understands that this procedure is meant to help cleaning the teeth and improve hygiene and cannot replace brushing, flossing and rinsing.
How It’s Done?
The procedure is quite simple: your dentist will make the necessary preparations with the surface of the teeth, than apply the sealant as liquid plastic (or, sometimes, a substance with a different aspect) that becomes hard in the presence of blue light. Your dentist will then check for the sealant not to be too high and affect your bite. Sealants represent a solution frequently recommended immediately after the eruption of teeth to make brushing easier and protect the child’s denture.
Who Needs Sealants?
Based on anatomic particularities (the actual depth of grooves), your dentist will decide if your child needs dental sealants or not. You must understand sealants are not compulsory for everyone.
Sealants are not usually recommended for baby teeth; they are typically suggested for the first couple of permanent molars that are more likely to suffer from cavities because of their form and position. On rather rare situations, your dentist may want to use sealants on other teeth as well.
How Long Do Sealants Last?
Normally, sealants have a limited existence based on the substances used by your dentist, and on patient’s eating habits and hygiene. Once applied, sealants ought to be closely watched at regular times, for example when the child visits the dentist for the usual check-ups. This way, your dentist can notice any damage in both the sealant and the tooth and act a.s.a.p.. If the case, the sealant can be removed to make sure the tooth is all right.